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男性 グザイ PC 2020年12月18日(金) 23:57 編集済み
投稿ID:14236
英語のべんきょ
備忘録。
正しく読むためにはどこで区切るのか、というメモ。
コツコツ英語のべんきょする。
英語が苦手。

精読。英文読解の筋トレ。
男性 グザイ Android 2020年12月18日(金) 23:59 編集済み
投稿ID:14237
They know that they are practicing an art and therefore are concerned with the pursuit of beauty.
「英文解釈教室, 研究社」

They know / that they are practicing an art / and therefore are concerned with the pursuit of beauty.
男性 グザイ Android 2020年12月19日(土) 14:08 編集済み
投稿ID:14246
One notion left over from the nineteenth century and still influencing our thoughts is that two major wars cannot happen within a few years of one another.
「英文解釈教室, 研究社」

One notion / left over from the nineteenth century / and still influencing our thoughts / is that two major wars cannot happen within a few years of one another.
男性 グザイ Android 2020年12月20日(日) 09:03 編集済み
投稿ID:14254
A slender acquaintance with the world, must convince every man, that actions, not words, are the true standard of judging the attachment of friends.
「英文解釈教室, 研究社」

A slender acquaintance with the world, / must convince every man, / that actions, / not words, / are the true standard / of judging the attachment of friends.
男性 グザイ Android 2020年12月20日(日) 23:21 編集済み
投稿ID:14257
Let me assure you, you gentleman who sit comfortably in your armchairs and attribute no worthy motives to us climbers, that there is something more than self-satisfaction in placing our feet upon a summit where no foot has ever trod before.
「英文解釈教室, 研究社」

Let me assure you, / you gentleman who sit comfortably in your armchairs / and attribute no worthy motives to us climbers, / that there is something / more than self-satisfaction / in placing our feet upon a summit / where no foot has ever trod before.
男性 グザイ Android 2020年12月20日(日) 23:48
投稿ID:14258
Seventy-one years ago, on a bright, cloudless morning, death fell from the sky and the world was changed. A flash of light and a wall of fire destroyed a city and demonstrated that mankind possessed the means to destroy itself.
「Obama's speech in Hiroshima」

Seventy-one years ago, on a bright, cloudless morning, / death fell / from the sky / and the world was changed. A flash of light and a wall of fire / destroyed a city / and demonstrated / that mankind possessed the means / to destroy itself.
男性 グザイ Android 2020年12月21日(月) 00:16
投稿ID:14259
The importance of Dirac’s work lies essentially in his famous wave equation, which introduced special relativity into Schrödinger’s equation. Taking into account the fact that, mathematically speaking, relativity theory and quantum theory are not only distinct from each other, but also oppose each other, Dirac’s work could be considered a fruitful reconciliation between the two theories.
「P.A.M.Dirac wiki」

The importance of Dirac’s work lies / essentially in his famous wave equation, / which introduced special relativity into Schrödinger’s equation. Taking into account the fact that, / mathematically speaking, / relativity theory and quantum theory are not only distinct from each other, but also oppose each other, / Dirac’s work could be considered a fruitful reconciliation / between the two theories.
男性 グザイ Android 2020年12月21日(月) 18:59
投稿ID:14262
It is not the fact of war that sets Hiroshima apart. Artifacts tell us that violent conflict appeared with the very first man. Our early ancestors, having learned to make blades from flint and spears from wood, used these tools not just for hunting, but against their own kind. On every continent, the history of civilization is filled with war, whether driven by scarcity of grain or hunger for gold; compelled by nationalist fervor or religious zeal. Empires have risen and fallen. Peoples have been subjugated and liberated. And at each juncture, innocents have suffered, a countless toll, their names forgotten by time.
「Obama's speech in Hiroshima」

It is not the fact of war / that sets Hiroshima / apart. Artifacts tell us / that violent conflict appeared with the very first man. Our early ancestors, / having learned to make blades from flint and spears from wood, / used these tools not just for hunting, but against their own kind. On every continent, / the history of civilization is filled with war, / whether driven by scarcity of grain or hunger for gold; / compelled by nationalist fervor or religious zeal. Empires have risen and fallen. Peoples have been subjugated and liberated. And at each juncture, innocents have suffered, a countless toll, their names forgotten by time.
男性 グザイ Android 2020年12月21日(月) 19:48
投稿ID:14263
In this chapter we introduce a subject that is technically known in physics as symmetry in physical law. The word “symmetry” is used here with a special meaning, and therefore needs to be defined. When is a thing symmetrical—how can we define it? When we have a picture that is symmetrical, one side is somehow the same as the other side. Professor Hermann Weyl has given this definition of symmetry: a thing is symmetrical if one can subject it to a certain operation and it appears exactly the same after the operation. For instance, if we look at a silhouette of a vase that is left-and-right symmetrical, then turn it 180∘ around the vertical axis, it looks the same. We shall adopt the definition of symmetry in Weyl’s more general form, and in that form we shall discuss symmetry of physical laws.
Suppose we build a complex machine in a certain place, with a lot of complicated interactions, and balls bouncing around with forces between them, and so on. Now suppose we build exactly the same kind of equipment at some other place, matching part by part, with the same dimensions and the same orientation, everything the same only displaced laterally by some distance. Then, if we start the two machines in the same initial circumstances, in exact correspondence, we ask: will one machine behave exactly the same as the other? Will it follow all the motions in exact parallelism? Of course the answer may well be no, because if we choose the wrong place for our machine it might be inside a wall and interferences from the wall would make the machine not work.
All of our ideas in physics require a certain amount of common sense in their application; they are not purely mathematical or abstract ideas. We have to understand what we mean when we say that the phenomena are the same when we move the apparatus to a new position. We mean that we move everything that we believe is relevant; if the phenomenon is not the same, we suggest that something relevant has not been moved, and we proceed to look for it. If we never find it, then we claim that the laws of physics do not have this symmetry. On the other hand, we may find it—we expect to find it—if the laws of physics do have this symmetry; looking around, we may discover, for instance, that the wall is pushing on the apparatus. The basic question is, if we define things well enough, if all the essential forces are included inside the apparatus, if all the relevant parts are moved from one place to another, will the laws be the same? Will the machinery work the same way?
It is clear that what we want to do is to move all the equipment and essential influences, but not everything in the world—planets, stars, and all—for if we do that, we have the same phenomenon again for the trivial reason that we are right back where we started. No, we cannot move everything. But it turns out in practice that with a certain amount of intelligence about what to move, the machinery will work. In other words, if we do not go inside a wall, if we know the origin of the outside forces, and arrange that those are moved too, then the machinery will work the same in one location as in another.
「feynmanlecture」

In this chapter / we introduce a subject / that is technically known in physics as symmetry in physical law. The word “symmetry” is used here with a special meaning, and therefore needs to be defined. When is a thing symmetrical—how can we define it? When we have a picture that is symmetrical, one side is somehow the same as the other side. Professor Hermann Weyl has given this definition of symmetry: a thing is symmetrical / if one can subject it to a certain operation / and it appears exactly the same after the operation. For instance, if we look at a silhouette of a vase that is left-and-right symmetrical, then turn it 180∘ around the vertical axis, it looks the same. We shall adopt the definition of symmetry / in Weyl’s more general form, / and in that form / we shall discuss symmetry of physical laws.
Suppose we build a complex machine in a certain place, with a lot of complicated interactions, and balls bouncing around with forces between them, and so on. Now suppose / we build exactly the same kind of equipment at some other place, matching part by part, with the same dimensions and the same orientation, everything the same only displaced laterally by some distance. Then, if we start the two machines in the same initial circumstances, in exact correspondence, we ask: / will one machine behave exactly the same as the other? Will it follow all the motions in exact parallelism? Of course the answer may well be no, because if we choose the wrong place for our machine it might be inside a wall and interferences from the wall would make the machine not work.
All of our ideas in physics require a certain amount of common sense in their application; they are not purely mathematical or abstract ideas. We have to understand what we mean / when we say that the phenomena are the same / when we move the apparatus to a new position. We mean that we move everything that we believe is relevant; if the phenomenon is not the same, we suggest that something relevant has not been moved, and we proceed to look for it. If we never find it, then we claim / that the laws of physics do not have this symmetry. On the other hand, we may find it—we expect to find it—if the laws of physics do have this symmetry; looking around, we may discover, for instance, that the wall is pushing on the apparatus. The basic question is, if we define things well enough, if all the essential forces are included inside the apparatus, if all the relevant parts are moved from one place to another, / will the laws be the same? Will the machinery work the same way?
It is clear that what we want to do is to move all the equipment and essential influences, but not everything in the world—planets, stars, and all—for if we do that, we have the same phenomenon again for the trivial reason / that we are right back where we started. No, we cannot move everything. But it turns out in practice that with a certain amount of intelligence about what to move, the machinery will work. In other words, if we do not go inside a wall, if we know the origin of the outside forces, and arrange that those are moved too, then the machinery will work the same in one location as in another.
男性 グザイ Android 2020年12月23日(水) 20:59
投稿ID:14301
The World War that reached its brutal end in Hiroshima and Nagasaki was fought among the wealthiest and most powerful of nations. Their civilizations had given the world great cities and magnificent art. Their thinkers had advanced ideas of justice and harmony and truth. And yet, the war grew out of the same base instinct for domination or conquest that had caused conflicts among the simplest tribes; an old pattern amplified by new capabilities and without new constraints. In the span of a few years, some 60 million people would die — men, women, children no different than us, shot, beaten, marched, bombed, jailed, starved, gassed to death.
There are many sites around the world that chronicle this war — memorials that tell stories of courage and heroism; graves and empty camps that echo of unspeakable depravity. Yet in the image of a mushroom cloud that rose into these skies, we are most starkly reminded of humanity’s core contradiction; how the very spark that marks us as a species — our thoughts, our imagination, our language, our tool-making, our ability to set ourselves apart from nature and bend it to our will — those very things also give us the capacity for unmatched destruction.
「Obama's speech in Hiroshima」

The World War that reached its brutal end in Hiroshima and Nagasaki was fought / among the wealthiest and most powerful of nations. Their civilizations had given the world great cities and magnificent art. Their thinkers had advanced ideas of justice and harmony and truth. And yet, the war grew out of the same base instinct for domination or conquest / that had caused conflicts among the simplest tribes; an old pattern amplified by new capabilities and without new constraints. In the span of a few years, some 60 million people would die — men, women, children no different than us, shot, beaten, marched, bombed, jailed, starved, gassed to death.
There are many sites around the world that chronicle this war — memorials that tell stories of courage and heroism; graves and empty camps / that echo of unspeakable depravity. Yet in the image of a mushroom cloud that rose into these skies, we are most starkly reminded / of humanity’s core contradiction; how the very spark that marks us as a species — our thoughts, our imagination, our language, our tool-making, our ability to set ourselves apart from nature and bend it to our will — those very things also give us the capacity for unmatched destruction.
男性 グザイ PC 2020年12月26日(土) 22:03 編集済み
投稿ID:14329
It's all Greek to me.
男性 グザイ PC 2020年12月27日(日) 16:31
投稿ID:14339
Do you challenge the unfairness of any sort of discrimination that denies certain populations, based only on their skin color or disability, the realization of thier fullest potential and their right to participate in mainstream life.

Do you challenge the unfairness of any sort of discrimination / that denies certain populations, based only on their skin color or disability, the realization / of thier fullest potential and their right to participate in mainstream life.
男性 グザイ Android 2020年12月30日(水) 21:17
投稿ID:14393
In Greece, for the first time, men begun to do what it seemed right or sensible to themselves to do, and to discuss among themselves why some things seemed right and others wrong, how the world had come to be what it was, and how it could be altered.

In Greece, for the first time, / men begun to do / what it seemed right or sensible to themselves to do, / and to discuss among themselves why some things seemed right and others wrong, / how the world had come to be what it was, / and how it could be altered.
男性 genzou 38歳 PC 2020年12月31日(木) 21:14
投稿ID:14418
how about discussing or writing each other with English?
I was antique seller and stayed on ground and spoke other countries language.
It was including Chinese letter writing on paper and pens or bigginers German.
The wonder was I was tend to misregard as Chinese, however, My Japanese was tend to
"katakoto"Japanese.
and also, I have had Chinese friends , who knows my desease,regarded as myself somehow
one person of his groups. and even we are really friends.

英語は週一の仕事で使っていましたが、コロナで消え、にぶりつつあります。
  • 0
男性 グザイ PC 2021年01月01日(金) 10:24
投稿ID:14422
I’ve never thought that someone comes here (^^)
Thanks for message and for introducing yourself, genzou-san. Sounds good. I see, you were an antique dealer. Have you been to China for business? Do you still keep in touch with your Chinese friend? And German?? You surely like languages, I think.
As for me, I have friends, American, Polish, German, Italian, and so on. So I need English ability. It’s not so difficult to communicate with them in English because we soon put it in another way when we cannot understand each other.
The most difficult thing for me is intensive reading. So I study it little by little, sometime slacking off, enjoying it.
男性 グザイ PC 2021年01月01日(金) 21:29
投稿ID:14425
Human beings accumulate vast sores of knowledge - far more than any individual in that culture can read in his life, let alone remember.

Human beings accumulate vast sores of knowledge - far more / than any individual / in that culture / can read in his life, let alone remember.
男性 グザイ PC 2021年01月02日(土) 22:11
投稿ID:14438
Of all the institutions that have come down to us from the past none is in the present day so disorganised and derailed as the family. Affection of parents for children and of children for parents is capable of being one of the greatest sources of happiness, but in fact at the present day the relations of parents and children are, in nine cases out of ten, a source of unhappiness to both parties, and in ninety-nine cases out of a hundred a source of unhappiness to at least one of the two parties.

Of all the institutions that have come down to us from the past / none is / in the present day / so disorganised and derailed / as the family. Affection of parents for children and of children for parents / is capable of being one of the greatest sources of happiness, but in fact at the present day / the relations of parents and children are, / in nine cases out of ten, / a source of unhappiness to both parties, and in ninety-nine cases out of a hundred a source of unhappiness to at least one of the two parties.
男性 グザイ PC 2021年01月04日(月) 17:59
投稿ID:14447
She who dresses for her children's and for her husband's homecoming is sure to greet them with greater charm than she who thinks whatever she happens to have on is good enough.

She who dresses for her children's and for her husband's homecoming is sure to greet them with greater charm than she / who thinks / whatever she happens to have on is good enough.
男性 グザイ PC 2021年01月06日(水) 21:58
投稿ID:14459
It is true that the work of the peasant who cultivates his own land is varied; he ploughs, he sows, he reaps. But he is at the mercy of the elements, and is very conscious of his dependence, whereas the man who works a modern mechanism is conscious of power, and acquires the sense that man is the master, not the slave, of natural forces.

It is true / that the work of the peasant who cultivates his own land / is varied; he ploughs, he sows, he reaps. But he is at the mercy of the elements, / and is very conscious of his dependence, whereas the man who works a modern mechanism is conscious of power, and acquires the sense that man is the master, not the slave, of natural forces.
男性 グザイ Android 2021年01月08日(金) 23:01
投稿ID:14471
Among the people who migrated to America what has later come to be called a 'middle' name was rare.

Among the people who migrated to America / what has later come to be called a 'middle' name / was rare.